Paranthetical Citations

*THIS SECTION HAS BEEN UPDATED TO REFLECT CHANGES IN MLA FORMAT 8TH EDITION

INFORMATION FOR THIS SECTION CAN BE SEEN ONLINE @ PURDUE OWL

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/



GENERAL RULES:

  • Any information that you provide in your parenthetical citation must correspond to the source information on the Works Cited page. Whatever word or phrase you use in the citation must be the first thing that appears in the corresponding entry in the Works Cited List.
  • The author's last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the citation; a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page.
  • The author's name should appear in either the citation or the paraphrase.  The page number always appears in the paraphrase.
EXAMPLE:

(Smith 23)

                                                           
CITING NON-PRINT SOURCES OR SOURCES FROM THE INTERNET:

  • Include in the text the first item that appears in the Work Cited entry that corresponds to the citation (e.g. author name, article name, website name, film name).
  • Unless you must list the Web site name in order to get the reader to the appropriate entry, do not include URLs in-text. Only provide partial URLs such as when the name of the site includes, for example, a domain name, like CNN.com .

The Purdue OWL. Purdue U Writing Lab, 2016.