Citing Print Materials

*THIS SECTION HAS BEEN UPDATED TO REFLECT CHANGES IN MLA FORMAT 8TH EDITION

INFORMATION FOR THIS SECTION CAN BE SEEN ONLINE @ PURDUE OWL

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/



BASIC BOOK FORMAT

The author’s name or a book with a single author's name appears in last name, first name format. The basic form for a book citation is:

Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date.

  1. Author’s name:  Last name, First name.

  2. Note: If the middle name is used, it goes after the first name with no punctuation separating it.  ( ex: Harris, Maria Anne.)

  3. Title of book in italics.  If you are hand-writing this section, underline the book title.

  4. Publisher. Omit articles (a, an, the), business abbreviations (Co., Corp., Inc.) and descriptive words (House, Press, Publishers).

  5. Year of publication.  If the year is not recorded, use the latest copyright date.


Example:

    Sachar, Louis. Holes. Scholastic,1998.

BOOK WITH AN EDITOR

Cite the book as you normally would, but add the editor after the title with the label, "Edited by"


Example:

    The American Revolution. Edited by Charles W. Carey. Greenhaven, 2004.


BOOK WITH MORE THAN ONE AUTHOR

Give the authors' names in the same order as they appear on the title page, which may not be in alphabetical order.  Reverse only the name of the first author, type a comma, and give the other name or names in normal form.  Place a period after the last author's name.


Example:

    Hansen, Joyce and Gary McGowan. Freedom Road: Searching the Underground Railroad.  Crickett, 2003.



ARTICLE IN A REFERENCE BOOK

  1. If the article is signed, list the author’s name first.  (You can usually find the author at the end of the article.)

  2. If the article is unsigned, list the title of the article first.   The article should be in quotation marks. " "

  3. Title of encyclopedia, italicized.  (If hand-writing this section, underline the title of the encyclopedia.  The title is followed by volume used.

  4. Publication date, followed by a period.


*
 If the reference book is organized alphabetically, do not list the volume or the page number of the article or item.


Examples:

    Vehrencamp, Sandra L. “Junco.” World Book, 2005.

    “University of King’s College.” World Book, 2005.


CITING A MULTI-VOLUME WORK

When citing only one volume of a multi-volume work, include the volume number after the work's title, or after the work's Editor 

Examples:

    “Douglas Adams.” Lives and Works: Young Adult Authors. Vol. 1. Grolier, 1999.


    “Laurie Halse Anderson.” Biography Today: Author Series. Edited by Cherie D. Abbey. Vol. 15. Omnigraphics, 2002.